Daughter, Sister, Wife & Mother of Prophets?

Message sent to me:

Question: Who is the only woman whose father, husband, brother and son were Nabīs?

Answer: Layyā bint Ya‘qūb – her father was Ya‘qūb عليه السلام ; her husband was Ayyūb عليه السلام ; her brother was Yūsuf عليه السلام ; and her son was Ẓul Kifl عليه السلام .  

My comment:

At the outset, it should be mentioned that there are many unheard of narrations circulating through the blessings of ash-Shaykh Email, al-Allāmah Blackberry and al-Mufti Facebook etc. The scholars are under no obligation to verify each of these circulations. The onus is upon the circulator to prove the authenticity of what he distributes.

عن ابن عباس رضي الله عنهما أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قال…  البينة على المدعي

Rasūlullāh صلى الله عليه وسلم said, “The burden of proof rests upon he who makes the claim.” [al-Bayhaqī]

That being said, my instinct tells me that the Layyā “narration” is but an attempt to provide a female equivalent to the Ḥadīth mentioning Yūsuf عليه السلام  as being Nabī, son of Nabī, son of Nabī, son of Nabī.

Daughter of Ya‘qub عليه السلام

Despite the story of Yūsuf عليه السلام  being the single most detailed continuous story narrated in the Qurān, the only names mentioned in it are that of his and that of his father. This is because the Qurān is a book of guidance and does not detail dates, names, places etc. as the Hebrew scripture does. However, it is permitted to refer to the Hebrew books for such details – where they make sense and do not contradict anything established by Islām – for Rasūlullāh صلى الله عليه وسلم  said:

عن عبد الله بن عمرو: “بلغوا عني ولو آية، وحدثوا عن بني إسرائيل ولا حرج، ومن كذب علي متعمداً، فليتبوأ مقعده من النار

Convey from me even if it be an Āyah. Narrate from the Children of Isrāīl and there is no harm in it. But he who intentionally lies against me should prepare his resting place in the Fire.” [al-Bukhārī]

According to Genesis, “Leah” or Layyā was a wife of Ya‘qūb عليه السلام  who bore him his only daughter, Dīnah. This already debunks the fictitious Layyā, supposed daughter of Ya‘qūb عليه السلام . Genesis further describes her being raped by an idol-worshipper. The Hebrew sources describe her only child, variously a boy or a girl, as the product of that rape. Even if a boy, it would be impossible for Dīnah/Layyā to be a mother of a Nabī, since the Qurān describes Prophets as pure of lineage. Ẓul Kifl عليه السلام  could not be the product of rape.

Sister of Yusuf  عليه السلام

Firstly Yusuf عليه السلام  did not have a full sister. He was the son of Rachel (Rāḥil) whilst Dīnah was the daughter of Leah (Layyā). That aside, Dīnah has been discussed above.

Mother of Ẓul Kifl عليه السلام

Ẓul Kifl عليه السلام  is mentioned twice in the Qurān. Although suggestions have been made, he is not clearly identified with any figure in the Bible with absolute certainty. If we accept the suggested names, we also accept that none of them are grandchildren of Ya‘qūb عليه السلام. If we avoid the suggested names and restrict our discussion to Islāmic sources, then neither the Qurān nor Ḥadīth mention his mother. I cannot check every Tafsīr, but neither Ibn Kathīr, al-Baghawī nor al-Qurṭubī mention his mother. Surely being the grandson of Ya‘qūb عليه السلام  would have merited a mention?

Furthermore, the narration which the Books of Tafsīr quote from Ibn ‘Abbās , describing how Ẓul Kifl عليه السلام  attained his position, makes it abundantly clear that this was generations after Ya‘qūb عليه السلام  when there was a large population descended from him and a kingdom had been established. In other words, he was born after Mūsā عليه السلام  and was no son of any daughter of Ya‘qūb عليه السلام :

عن ابن عباس رضي الله عنهما، قال: “إن نبياً من أنبياء بني إسرائيل، آتاه الله الملك والنبوة، ثم أوحى الله إليه أني أريد قبض روحك، فاعرض ملكك على بني إسرائيل، فمن تكفل لك أنه يصلي بالليل حتى يصبح، ويصوم بالنهار فلا يفطر، ويقضي بين الناس فلا يغضب، فادفع ملكك إليه، فقام ذلك النبي في بني إسرائيل وأخبرهم بذلك، فقام شاب،

Allāh granted a Nabī from amongst the Prophets of Banū Isrāīl kingship and prophethood. Allāh revealed to him, “I intend to seize your soul. So present your kingdom to Banū Isrāī. He who guarantees (kifl) you that he will offer Ṣalāh until the morning; and fasts during the day without breaking it; and will judge amongst the people without becoming angry; then give him the kingdom.”

The Nabī stood amongst Banū Isrāīl and informed them of that. A young man stood…..

Wife of Ayub عليه السلام

The Mufassirūn have written extensively about the wife and children of Ayūb عليه السلام . They describe Allāh’s gifts to the Nabī who had succeeded in the tests put upon him. This included the loyal wife and restoration of his deceased children and additional offspring as well. They debate whether the children were resurrected or are to be restored in the Ākhirah. Again, neither Ibn Kathīr, al-Baghawī nor al-Qurṭubī mention his wife being the daughter of Ya‘qūb عليه السلام , which would have been a pertinent point in listing Allāh’s  favours in regards his family. Even the Bible does not mention her name.

In all the discussion on the offspring, none mentions Ẓul Kiflعليه السلام  as being amongst them. This would have been a most glaring omission in the light of the Qurān describing other prophets (Yūsuf, Yaḥyā and ‘Īsā) as gifts to the virtuous (Ya‘qūb, Zakarīyā and Maryam). How then does the Qurān and commentators maintain silence on Ẓul Kifl عليه السلام being the supposed son of Ayūb عليه السلام ? Although not a unanimous view, the possibility of Ayūb عليه السلام  being European and not Asian, makes the above parentage of an Asian Nabī even more farfetched.

 

Conclusion

In conclusion, the Ummah should be far more careful of what they narrate as fact. In regards the above, I believe the balance of facts point to it being a fiction.  

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31 responses

  1. As Salaamu alaykum Moulana

    I appreciate that explanation. Please explain why Umar RA was censured by the Rasul SAW for studying the Torah, if it is okay to narrate from the Bani Israeel.

    Shukran Was Salaam

    1. wa alaykumus salaam

      The are a host of differences between the two; which you should refer to your Asaatizah for explanation. They are much more learned than I and I do not intend my blog to become a detailed thesis even where Allah grants me the time and knowledge.

      This much I can repeat since it should be understood from what I already wrote – there are restrictions on what can be narrated from Banu Israeel. It is not “okay to narrate” carte blanche. I can also ask you to review the Hadith I had posted. A little pondering will reveal that Umar RADIYALLHU ANHU was still be trained by Rasulullah SALLALLHU ALAYHI WA SALLAM to distinguish between matters of Tawrah guidance which is distorted and/or abrogated vs narrations of incidents of Banu Israel

      The Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم became angry when he saw ‘Umar with a page which a portion of the Tawrāh on it. He said, “Are you in doubt, O son of Khaṭṭāb? Have I not brought you that which is pure white? Were my brother Mūsā alive, he would have no option but to follow me.”

      1. JzkAllahu khayr
        Is there any way to keep in contact, Moulana?
        Are you on facebook?

  2. MaShaAllah very nice post… please do keep writing… Jazakallahu Khair

  3. tanx ya sheikh sulaimam Al kindi. am convinced with d explanation

    1. Yet these hoaxes continue circulating on the net

      1. anas ibnu malik

        Jazzakalla hiran ya shih

      2. Ameen, your dua is appreciated

  4. Ali Sheeq Yunis | Reply

    MASHAALLAH …
    Jazzakumullah kheiran
    May Allah sw guide n provide us better Understanding of our DEEN…
    Aameeen….

  5. tnx…may Allah reward u abundantly….. ..ammeen

  6. Ayesha Siddiqua | Reply

    Jazak Allah khaira

  7. Syed Hussain | Reply

    I find the comments helpful and express thanks for the efforts that I trust are done in good faith.
    I have several queries to guide me in the right direction, InshaAllah.
    Now only one would suffice : Sura Hajj has two Sujood – Tilawat and one is marked specifically for esteemed Shafeis.

    14 original Sujood were inscribed I presume during the definitive compilation of the Holy Quran strictly following Rasool Akram SM’s instructions/guidance, by Hazrat Abi Bakr and Umar and Uthman, finalising the written Text that we all Alhamdulillah follow and that Allah SWT promised to protect till Qiyama’h.
    Question here arises how come the Shafei sijda came on the text after over 200 years? And if this is authenticated, on what basis, why the blessed act of Sijdah is not for all Muslims ?

    Allah azz wa Jall knows the best.
    Shukran wa’s sala’am!

    Syed Muhammad Hussain 15 Ramadan, 1437 AH/ 20/06/2016

  8. Naved Akbar Karbalai | Reply

    wich lady have a husband.father.father in law.son.husband younger brother.grand son.all are nabi.
    plz give me answer..fast plz.

    1. I believe you have not understood my article. Please read again

  9. Question :

    What is the name of the Lady? whose :-

    (1) Father is a Prophet
    (2) Husband is a Prophet
    (3) Father in Law is a Prophet
    (4) Brother in Law (Husband’s brother) is a Prophet
    (5) Son is a Prophet and
    (6) Grandson is a Prophet

    1. Safoora matches first four, the rest I do not know. I wish I never wrote this article

  10. Hussein shaikh | Reply

    Rebekah Bint Bethuel
    Wife of Ishaq Alaihissalam

    1. Do you people even bother with a sanad of any kind before you press your buttons and spread the world with your unverified stories?

  11. Mother of Usuf AWS

    1. Do you people even bother with a sanad of any kind before you press your buttons and spread the world with your unverified stories?

  12. jazakumullahu Bil-khyr for your rational thinking towards studying deeply to ensure all segment is made clear to those who are contablating regarding Islam and the last prophet saw.

    1. Your dua and comment is appreciated. Any further contribution you wish to say will be welcomed

  13. Is there no mention at all of such a figure in ahadith?

    1. I have no knowledge of such a Hadith. The onus of producing proof is upon people who go about sending these kind of “romantic” notions. This whole matter seems to be of people wanting to spice up their religion rather than submit to the facts.

      1. We suppost to open a whatsap group for discotion plx

      2. Most certainly not. This very topic is am example of the trash the Ummah concocts and indulges in instead of more serious topics. Then you want a me to join a Whatsapp group and entertain people who do not even have the courtesy of basic spelling

  14. “The burden of proof rests upon he who makes the claim.” Mashaa Allah. Jazakallah khairan Sulaiman.

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