Herewith my notes for the Sīrah discussion I intend giving this year after Tarāwīḥ, Allāh willing. If we had all the time in the world we could not do justice to the greatest personality that ever walked the face of the earth. Yet in view of the lack of knowledge on the basics of his life by the general public I am using this platform for this purpose, on the premise that one can only truly love someone if one knows that person. As long as we are ignorant about the life and character of Allāh’s Messenger صَلَّى الله عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ our love for him cannot be as complete as it could be.
- The World Before Islam.. 3
- Lineage. 3
- Birth of Allāh’s Messenger صَلَّى الله عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ 3
- Childhood. 4
- Youth. 4
- Marriage. 4
- Revelation. 5
- Preaching. 5
- Opposition & Migration (year 6). 6
- The Boycott years (7-9). 7
- “A bounty is appreciated when its lost.” To appreciate the light of Allāh’s Messenger صَلَّى الله عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ understand the darkness before and what we would be in today without him.
- State of the Arabs.
- Byzantium and Persia, the superpowers of the day.
- Yemen, under Persia, land of maternal ancestry of Quraysh.
- Kaʿbah, its origins and origins of idolatry. Do Muslims worship the Kaʿbah?
- ʾIbrāhīm and ʾIsmāʿīl ʿalayhimas salām.
- ʾIbrāhīm and ʾIsmāʿīl ʿalayhimas salām.
- Jurhum of Yemen.
- Banū Khuzāʿah. Migrated to Makkah 5 centuries before Islā Quṣṣāy married woman of Khuzāʿah, hence generations later allied with Muslims, ultimately conquest of Makkah. Tafsīr of Sūrah Sajdah – destined matters are set in a thread of motion a thousand years before.
- Hāshim married woman of Yathrib, where his son, Shaybah = ʿAbdul Muṭṭalib grew up.
- Zamzam lost and found.
- Year of the Elephant. Delicacy of Arabic – ʿĀmul Fīl, NOT Sannatul Fīl.
- Abraha and the Elephants.
- Makkah, 570, Exact date not absolutely known.
- Most narrations of miracles at birth are not authentically proven, except for the light which Aminah saw that extended all the way to Syria.
- The four “mothers” of Allāh’s Messenger صَلَّى الله عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ . Abū Lahab frees Thuwaybiyah, as a result his punishment is alleviated in Hell. One moment of love is eternally rewarded, how then if a Muslim is steadfast in Sunnah?
- Name – almost unique amongst the Arabs.
- Never saw his father, ʿAbdullāh died during the pregnancy period.
- Quraysh sent their children to be raised in the desert – for health reasons and to learn pure Arabic.
- Banū Saʿd bin Bakr – a tribe which specialised in this kind of child rearing. Spoke the purest of Arabic and Allāh’s Messenger صَلَّى الله عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ later attributed his amazing eloquence to them. Experiencing drought.
- Ḥalīmah as-Saʿdīyah i.e. of Banū Sʿad, accompanied wet-nurses of her tribe to Makkah. All rejected Allāh’s Messenger صَلَّى الله عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ due to his perceived poverty. Ḥalīmah turned back and accepted custody as a last resort and immediately perceived blessings. Her old goat started producing milk again. Her riding animal became fast.
- Asked Āminah for an extension at age 2.
- At age 4 Jibrīl opened his chest and removed black spot from heart. Returned to Āminah.
- Age 6, Āminah dies at ʾAbwā. Umm ʾAyman takes him back to ʾAbdul Muṭṭalib.
- Age 8, ʿAbdul Muṭṭalib dies. Entrusted to Abū Ṭālib, the poorest of all the uncles.
- Teenage years spent as a shepherd.
- Allāh created circumstances e.g. fainting/ barriers against the customs of the time e.g. parties, working naked.
- Ḥilful Fuḍūl – oath to protect the oppressed. Al-Āṣ bin Wāʾil refused to pay the Zubaydī merchant from Yemen. Decent men gathered around ʾAbdullāh bin Jadʿān to halt such practice, including Allāh’s Messenger صَلَّى الله عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ . He was happy about this oath even after Islām, i.e. good can be done with non-Muslim cooperation.
- Learnt trade from Abū Ṭālib in Syria, but the incident of meeting the monk is denied by several scholars.
- Khadījah bint Khuwaylid, may Allāh be pleased with her, twice-widowed and had considerable wealth. Had children from her first husband. She is called aṭ-Ṭāhirah, the Pure Woman and her descendants are Banū Ṭāhirah
- Hired Allāh’s Messenger صَلَّى الله عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ to sell her merchandise in Syria.
- She was so impressed with his ability, honesty and character that she proposed to him, a poor man, having rejected the proposals of the elite of Makkah.
- Muḥammad صَلَّى الله عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ was 25 and she was 40. He was not worried about her age, he loved her character.
- She bore all his children except for ʾIbrāhīm son of Māriyah
- At age 35 Kaʿbah was destroyed by flood. The various clans argued who would replace the Black Stone. Agreed that whoever entered Masjid first could decide.
- Honour of even pagans. No Ḥarām funds allowed at the insistence of the worst pagan, Abū Jahl. So Kaʾbah was shortened to its present dimensions when Ḥalāl funds were depleted.
- When Muḥammad صَلَّى الله عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ approached his 40th year he began to feel an intense spiritual agitation and desire to worship in seclusion.
- Rocks greeted him and years later he remembered a particular rock. How then if we greet him with love?
- For 6 months before Ramaḍān he experienced true dreams.
- Monday during that Ramaḍān, first revelation, Cave of Ḥirāʾ in Mount Nūr.
- Darkness, Jibrīl’s form was not seen. Squeezed Allāh’s Messenger صَلَّى الله عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ thrice so hard he thought he was going to die.
- Allāh’s Messenger صَلَّى الله عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ was anxious and it was our Mother, Khadījah raḍiyallāhu ʿanhā who comforted him at this critical juncture. She mentions his good character, not his ritual worship, e.g. assist the less fortunate, hospitable to guests, etc
- No further revelation for a while, people mocked, that his “demon” had abandoned him. In other words ,he was the first person to be tested.
- Khadījah raḍiyallāhu ʿanhā, took him to her cousin, the Christian monk, Waraqah bin Nawfal, who testified to his truth and that he would be persecuted. He died shortly thereafter and is known to enter Paradise.
- Quiet preaching at the outset for three years. Most early coverts were poor, e.g. Bilāl, but also rich, e.g. ʿUthmān, may Allah be pleased with him.
- Invited his close relations to meals and preached to them, only ʾAlī, who was a child, accepted.
- First public preaching at Abū Qubays. Abū Lahab threw sand and cursed, “May you be destroyed for the rest of your day.” Sūrah Lahab revealed in response.
- Continuous preaching at all public venues – Kaʿbah, markets etc.
- Quraysh attempt to stop Muḥammad صَلَّى الله عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ through Abū Ṭālib, offering him wealth, kingship and women. Rasūlullāh صَلَّى الله عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ responds, “O my uncle, were they to place the sun in my right hand and the moon in my left, and ask me to abandon this course, I would not turn from it until Allāh makes it victorious or I perish therein.”
- Quraysh attempted various means to stop Islām. Shouting so that the Qurʾān could not be heard. Propaganda, telling people that Allāh’s Messenger صَلَّى الله عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ was insane and should not be heard. Seeking advice from the Jews on how to combat him academically, (Sūrah Yūsuf and Sūrah Kahf).
- Al-Bazzār narrates: ʾAlī رضي الله عنه continued, “Indeed I saw the Quraysh grabbing Rasūlullāh صَلَّى الله عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ . One held him while another violently shook him. They were saying, ‘You are the one who made the gods one!’ By Allāh! None of us dared go near except Abū Bakr. He struck at one of them, pulled back another and shook another, whilst saying, ‘Woe unto you! Do you kill a man for saying my Lord is Allāh?’”
- Torture – Bilāl رضي الله عنه dragged through the streets. Beaten.
- Khabbāb رضي الله عنه branded with heated iron.
- Ṭalḥah رضي الله عنه seen dragged through the streets of Makkah as a young man. A woman was the most severe in abusing him. A foreigner asked who she was, it was his own mother.
- Sumayyah رضي الله عنها the first martyr. Abū Jahl speared her through her private part.
- Allāh’s Messenger صَلَّى الله عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ gave permission to the persecuted Muslims to migrate to Abysinnia, Ḥabshah, Ethiopia. 15 Muslims migrated the first time,e.g. ʿUthmān.
- Negus, an-Najāshī, title of the Emperor, not name.
- Christian ruler known for his justice.
- They returned after 3 months, heard false rumour that the Quraysh accepted Islā
- Some accepted protection of Quraysh leaders.
- 2nd migration was more than 70. This time the Quraysh sent a delegation under Amr bin al-ʿĀṣ to retrieve the “rebels and trouble makers”
- Jaʿfar bin Abī Ṭālib defended the Muslim position. He had refused the Quraysh example of bowing before the Emperor.
- His speech is lauded by scholars as the one of the best concise and comprehensive invitations to Islām
- فقال له جعفر: أيها الملك كنا قوما على الشرك نعبد الاوثان ونأكل الميتة ونسئ الجوار، يستحل المحارم بعضنا من بعض في سفك الدماء وغيرها، لا نحل شيئا ولا نحرمه.
فبعث الله إلينا نبيا من أنفسنا نعرف وفاءه وصدقه وأمانته فدعانا إلى أن نعبد الله وحده لا شريك له ونصل الارحام ونحمي الجوار ونصلي لله عزوجل، ونصوم له، ولا نعبد غيره.،
- “O King! We were a people upon polytheism. We worshipped idols and ate carrion. We forgot our neighbours and regarded the unlawful as lawful, in that we shed each other’s blood amongst other things. We had no real concept of the permitted and the prohibited. Allāh then sent a Prophet unto us. We knew his loyalty, honesty and trustworthiness. He called us to worship God alone, without any partners; to maintain relations; to protect neighbours; that we pray unto God, fast for His sake, worshipping none but Him.” [Ibn Hishām]
- The Emperor granted the Muslims protection and evicted the Quraysh delegation with their gifts. It is probable that he died upon Islā Rasūlullāh صَلَّى الله عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ performed the funeral of a Negus although the body was in another continent. It is probable that this was a second Negus and both were Muslims.
- ʿUmar bin ʾal-Khaṭṭāb, arch-enemy of Islām becomes great defender of Islām, Dārul ʾArqam. First public cry of Takbīr which is how Muslims express joy. Not hand-clapping and other pagan customs.
- Abū Jahl led the Quraysh to impose a boycott on Banū Hāshim which would last three years.
- They were not allowed food, drink, trade, marriage with other clans, and went into exile in the Glen of Abū Ṭālib.
- Non-Muslim Hāshimīs maintained solidarity and accepted exile as well, excluding Abū Lahab.
- Banū Muṭṭalib voluntarily joined Banū Hāshim. Some laws of Sharīʿah remain specific to Banū Hāshim and Banū Muṭṭalib.
- Extreme hunger, eating leaves.
- Muṭʿim bin ʿAdī and others used to smuggle in some food.
- Eventually Zuhayr, son of Ātikah bint ʿAbdil Muṭṭalib led some Quraysh to tear up the boycott decree. Allāh had already sent termites to eat the document, excluding, “Bismikallāhumma”
و صلى الله على راكب البراق كامل الأخلاق
عن أبى هريرة أن رسول الله -صلى الله عليه وسلم- قال « لا تقوم الساعة حتى يقاتل المسلمون اليهود فيقتلهم المسلمون ، حتى يختبئ اليهودى من وراء الحجر والشجر ، فيقول الحجر أو الشجر : يا مسلم يا عبد الله هذا يهودى خلفى فتعال فاقتله ، إلا الغرقد فإنه من شجر اليهود
Abū Hurayrah رضى الله عنه narrated that Allah’s Messenger صلى الله عليه و سلم said:
The Hour shall not arise until the Muslims fight the Jews. The Muslims will slay them to extent that the Jew will hide behind stones and trees. The stone or the tree will call out, “O Muslim! O slave of Allāh! This is a Jew hiding behind me. Come and kill him!”
The exception will be the Gharqad [Boxthorn/ Goji], for it is a tree of the Jews. [Muslim]
Interview held on Monday morning 3 April 2017. Uphill task of explaining the context honestly (hopefully unoffensively) without compromising our own beliefs
For those who have some kind of confidence in me, I fear that I shall disappoint you if you seek clear direction on recent events in Turkey, i.e. the “attempted coup” of Shawwāl 1437 [July 2016]. Nevertheless, I shall share some knowledge Allāh may have given me, and some thoughts. Allāh may use it for some benefit. Yet I would declare at the outset, that there will be people who will not be pleased with what I say.
The Anti-Christ Murkiness in Turkey goes back four centuries
To me the cause of the murkiness, confusion and lack of direction in Turkey is ultimately due it being a known future stage of the Anti-Christ’s operations. This we know from the teachings of Allāh’s Messenger صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ which I shall discuss later, if Allāh so wills. However, the historical seeds were already planted four centuries ago.
The ‘Uthmānīyah Khilāfah (Ottoman Empire – the predecessor to the current Turkish Republic), had been a haven to Jews seeking protection from Christian Europe. Even some oppressed Christian sects would prefer sanctuary in Turkey, rather than face the not so tender love of their Christian brethren who sought their eradication. (“Turkey” here, may be technically incorrect, but some might find the Arabic too cumbersome, whilst I dislike the distortion of a beautiful Arabic name).
Jews and Christians who are true to their faith are welcome in the Islāmic State, which is obliged to protect their lives and property. (I shall not allow “ISIS” to hijack the term “Islāmic State.”) Those who are guided to Islām, become our brothers. The problem that arose in Turkey, and which I believe continues to permeate Turkey to this day, was the birth of a third group – hypocrites pretending to embrace Islām, whilst remaining false to Islām and working tirelessly towards the destruction of the faith which had provided them with sanctuary.
Rabbi Sabbatai Zevi was born in Izmir, Turkey, in 1626. In 1648 he proclaimed himself the Messiah. The tumult he caused was not limited to the Empire, but spread through Europe. Three years later the rabbis expelled him and his followers from Izmīr. Eventually he was sentenced to death for sedition, with the option of redemption through conversion to Islām. He chose conversion and 300 families of his followers thereupon followed suit.
Yet this was the beginning of a disease most vile which penetrated the soul of Turkish Islām. A cancer which ultimately overthrew the Empire, abolished the Khilāfah from the memories of the Muslims, paved the way for the loss of Palestine, and Allāh alone knows best what is its true extent and activity today.
Zevi never embraced Islām in his heart. He continued preaching amongst the Jews and claimed to receive revelation. He thus assumed the lead of those who then outwardly converted, but simply used their new position as ostensible Muslims to act in secret against the state and the faith.
These hypocrites were called Donmeh (converts) in Turkish. The full record of their secret conspirative deeds may never be fully known amongst men, except themselves. I suspect that a researcher, fluent in Turkish, Greek, Hebrew and Arabic; having full access to all public records for the past four centuries, would not learn one part of a hundred of the full story.
On the other hand, it would be foolish to blame every cause of the rotting of the Empire on them. Every people in history reached a peak and then declined. Yet where the rot manifested as the Turks becoming confused and rudderless as many appear today, where the issue is loss of identity and mental incapacitation, rather than simple military, political and economic collapse, I smell a whiff of Donmeh stench in the air.
Headgear – an example of how easily Muslims are confused
I do not point the example I am about to discuss as the direct handiwork of the Donmeh, but I do use the example of the confusion and ignorance Muslims so often display as amongst the general achievements of the Donmeh.
The primary and distinctive headgear of Allāh’s Messenger صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ was the turban. The Turks wore their turbans as the Sunnah [way] of Allāh’s Messenger صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ and as a display of their Islāmic identity.
In 1839 Sultan Mahmūd II imposed the Tanzīmāt reforms. Whatever the merits and demerits of the details of his reforms might be, and which we can debate about at length, what I cannot abide of this man, is the mentality that everything European was superior to the Turkish and Islāmic heritage. His supporters lie when they claim that Tanzīmāt was mere modernisation. How is actively making alcohol fashionable modernisation? And then returning to the original example, how is banning the Sunnah Turban and replacing it with the “more European looking” Fez modernisation? Yet it is not his “reforms” I wish to highlight, but rather the fact that less than two centuries after Zevi, the Turks had somehow come to accept that aping Europe, up to and including what they wore on their heads, would restore them to greatness.
Now I do not know whether to call it ironic, sad or funny, but when Ataturk banned the Fez in 1925, the outcry was made to defend the “symbol of Islām” whereas the Fez was originally intended to make Turkey look less Islāmic.
This is comparable to the story of the ‘Iqāl (camel-string) of America’s agents, the Sa‘ūd. They did not wear turbans. Instead, they would wear a cloth over the head for protection against the hot Najd sun. When stopping on a journey, a string was used to tie a camel’s legs, or park it, as we might think of it. Somehow the idea arose that it would be convenient when not “parking” the camel, to use the same camel-string to tie the cloth to their heads. This eventually became their cultural attire. When the Sa‘ūd conquered and pillaged Makkah, Muslims began aping their costumes as the symbols of Islām, just as the turban replacing Fez had had its century of glory. We now witness Muslims proudly tying their camel-strings on their heads, especially on Eid days.
The Last Great Sultān
Sultān Abdul Hamīd II was overthrown in 1908 and then finally removed in 1909. He had to be punished for being the last true Turkish Khalīfah and Sultān with backbone and a zeal for Islām. In 1901 the Jewish banker Mizray Qrasow and two other Jewish influential leaders had come to visit Sultan Abdul Hamid II. They offered to:
1) Pay the entire debt of the Empire.
2) Build the Navy of the Ottoman state.
3) 35 Million Golden Liras without interest
In exchange for:
1) Allowing Jews to visit Palestine anytime they please, and to stay as long as they want “to visit the holy sites.”
2) Allowing the Jews to build settlements where they live, and they wanted them to be located near Jerusalem.
Sultān Abdul Hamīd II refused to even meet them, he sent his answer to them through Tahsin Pasha, and the answer was, “Tell those impolite Jews that the debts of the Uthmāni state are not a shame, France has debts and that doesn’t affect it. Jerusalem became a part of the Islamic land when Khalīfah Umar bin al-Khattāb took the city and I am not going to carry the historical shame of selling the holy lands to the Jews and betraying the responsibility and trust of my people. May the Jews keep their money, the Uthmānis will not hide in castles built with the money of the enemies of Islam.”
He also told them to leave and never come back to meet him again.
The Jews did not give up on Abdul Hamīd, later in the same year, 1901, the founder of the Zionist movement, Theodor Hertzl, visited Istanbul and tried to meet the Sultan. Sultan Abdul Hamid II refused to meet him and he told his Head of the Ministers Council, “Advise Dr Hertzl not to take any further steps in his project. I cannot give away a handful of the soil of this land for it is not my own, it is for all the Islamic Ummah. The Islamic Ummah that fought Jihād for the sake of this land and they have watered it with their blood. The Jews may keep their money and millions. If the State is one day destroyed then they will be able to take Palestine without a price! But while I am alive, I would rather push a sword into my body than see the land of Palestine cut and given away from the Islamic State. This is something that will not be, I will not start cutting our bodies while we are alive.”
The Masonic Young Turks
Freemasonry provided a convenient vehicle for the Donmeh to achieve their aims and thus İttihat ve Terakki Cemiyeti or The Committee of Union and Progress or the Young Turks was born in 1889. In 1909 the Young Turks removed Sultan Abdul Hamīd. From that day on, Turkey was a Masonic state with a figurehead Sultān. Here is a who’s who of the Turkish Masons:
Talaat Pasha: A Donmeh. Interior Minister of Turkey during WW I. Chief architect of the Armenian Genocide.
Djavid Bey: Donmeh. Talaat’s Finance Minister.
Messim Russo: Assistant to Djavid Bey.
Refik Bey: Editor of Young Turk newspaper Revolutionary Press; Prime Minister of Turkey in 1939.
Emanuel Qrasow: Jewish propagandist for The Young Turks.
Vladimir Jabotinsky: Russian Bolshevik who moved to Turkey in 1908. Editor of the newspaper Young Turk.
Alexander Helphand: Liaison of the Rothschilds. Editor of The Turkish Homeland.
Mustafa Kemal Ataturk: A Jew of Sephardic origin. Ataturk attended the Jewish Elementary school known as the Semsi Effendi School run by the Jew Simon Zvi. This Satanic entity basically banned Islām from Turkey. I’d rather not mention him further. Please read up yourself. Here is a simple but good starting point http://lostislamichistory.com/how-ataturk-made-turkey-secular/